Ethics

Publications by Prof. Dr. Xaver Baur:

Baur X, Budnik LT, Ruff K et al. Ethics, morality, and conflicting interests: how questionable professional integrity in some scientists supports global corporate influence in public health. Int J Occup Environ Health 2015; 21: 172-175 Abstract

 

Baur X. Ethik in der Arbeitsmedizin - Orientierungshilfe in ethischen Spannungsfeldern. Landsberg: ecomed Medizin; 2009

Das deutschsprachige Referenzwerk für ethische Fragen in der Arbeitsmedizin Das Buch macht die Spannungslinien deutlich, denen arbeitsmedizinisch Tätige ausgesetzt sind. Die authentischen Beiträge aus den unterschiedlichen Perspektiven bringen die Interessenverflechtungen und -gegensätze auf den Punkt, die es für Arbeitsmediziner in ihrer "Sandwich"-Position zwischen Arbeitgebern und Arbeitnehmern, Sozialbehörden und Betroffenen, Interessengruppen, in den verschiedenen Gremien und auch in der Forschungsförderung (Drittmittelvergabe) immer wieder gibt. Damit stößt es eine breite Diskussion über die Maßstäbe des rechten Handelns in der Arbeitsmedizin an. Ziel ist es, die Rolle der Arbeits- und Betriebsmedizin immer wieder kritisch zu reflektieren und einen eigenen Standpunkt sowie adäquate Strategien zur Wahrung der Unabhängigkeit in diffizilen Konstellationen zu entwickeln.

See also:

Corporate Influence Threatens the Public Health

Corportate influences

Reviewing own conflict of interests? Scientists working for product defence firms, such as Exponent, a scientist working for Bayer, as well, sadly, as scientists working for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and for the Canadian government's department of Environment and Climate Change suggest “how to improve research reproducibility, credibility, and transparency” (Mebane CA et al, 2019 in Integr Environ Assess Manag.).

Boffeta again left his conflict of interests undeclared: D. Consonni and C Mensi comment on paper “Boffetta et al. Validation of the diagnosis of mesothelioma and BAP1 protein expression in a cohort of asbestos textile workers from Northern Italy. Ann Oncol 2018; 29(2): 484-489: ... “In conclusion, contrarily to what stated in the paper, a high quality of the RMRP emerges from the available data. Finally, we note that the Authors of the paper (on mesothelioma) have declared no conflict of interests. This is odd, given that two of the Authors in a recent paper (on mesothelioma) reported “Consulting or Advisory Roles” for 4 large companies and one Author declared “Other relationships” with law offices. These companies and law offices are currently involved in litigations regarding asbestos-related diseases” [D. Consonni and C. Mensi, Integr Environ Assess Manag. 2019 Jan 4. doi: 10.1002/ieam.4119. [Epub ahead of print]

Most interesting publications on this issue:

Egilman D, Wallace W, Hom C. Corporate corruption of medical literature: asbestos studies concealed by W.R. Grace & Co. Account Res 1998; 6: 127-147

Lemen RA. Role of government in occupational and environmental health. Int J Occup Environ Health 1999; 5: 283-286

Axelson O, Balbus JM, Cohen G et al. Re: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. Int J Occup Environ Health 2003; 9: 386-389; author reply 389-390

Bailar JC, 3rd, Ballal SG, Boback M et al. FIOH-sponsored newsletter misrepresents asbestos hazards in Zimbabwe. Int J Occup Environ Health 2006; 12: 254-258

Egilman D, Howe S. Against anti-health epidemiology: corporate obstruction of public health via manipulation of epidemiology. Int J Occup Environ Health 2007; 13: 118-124

Baur X, Soskolne CL, Lemen RA et al. How conflicted authors undermine the World Health Organization (WHO) campaign to stop all use of asbestos: spotlight on studies showing that chrysotile is carcinogenic and facilitates other non-cancer asbestos-related diseases. Int J Occup Environ Health 2015; 21: 176-179

Welch LS. Asbestos exposure causes mesothelioma, but not this asbestos exposure: an amicus brief to the Michigan Supreme Court. Int J Occup Environ Health 2007; 13: 318-327

Oreskes N, Conway EM. Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. New York: Bloombury Press, 2011

Michaels D. Doubt Is Their Product How Industrys Assault On Science Threatens Your Health. New York: Oxford University Press; 2016

 Conflict of interest disclosure